apt and 90k series
Synaptic is a front end to apt. It allows you to install and upgrade packages, find new packages and keep up to date.
Synaptic should already come with your BLAG install unless you did not install X. You may install it by typing:
apt-get update apt-get install synaptic
Synaptic is in the menu under 'System Settings'. You will have to enter your root password to start Synaptic.
Installing and Upgrading Packages
Synaptic's main function is to install and update packages. File:Synaptic-Screenshot-2.png
To update all packages, click the 'Mark All Upgrades' button and select Smart Update. This is very important. Do not select Default Upgrade. Now, click Apply and your updates will download and install. This could take a while.
You can browse new packages by selecting a category on the left side and the browsing the packages. Double-clicking a package name will mark it for installation. File:Synaptic-Screenshot-3.png You can also left click the package name and select Properties to find out more about the package. File:Synaptic-Screenshot-4.png
In order to find packages in Synaptic, click the Search button. You can search just the names of packages, the descriptions or many other aspects of the packages.
There are many 'repositories' of packages out there. Each repository contains many different packages. Some packages you will find in some repositories that you won't find in others. There are many repositories where you can get BLAG packages. Also, any Fedora Core repository can also be used with BLAG.
File:Synaptic-Screenshot-5.png In order to enable a repository, go to Settings -> Repositories and check the repositories you would like to use. Then hit the refresh button and you will see the packages that the repository you chose carries. Just like the BLAG repository, you can select packages to download and upgrade. Do not Mark All Updates when using any repository besides the BLAG one. When you are done, click Apply.
You can disable a repository by going to Settings -> Repositories and unchecking it. The default BLAG ones are the first two with the URI blagblagblag.org.
Using a CD as a Repository
You can use a CD as a repository just as if it were a normal one. Just insert a CD that is designed to be used with Synaptic like your BLAG disk, and choose Edit -> Add CD-ROM. This will speed up package installs, but the package may not always be the latest version.
Stephen Clement, Sunday April 17th 2005.